consumer-goods

Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Industry 2015 Market Research Report


Published On : Aug 2015

Category : Personal Care

No. of Pages : 243 pages

  • $3600
  • $7200

Please click below to avail discount on this report


The Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Industry 2015 is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Baby Stroller and Pram industry.

The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Baby Stroller and Pram market analysis is provided for the Europe markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status.

Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and Bill of Materials cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins.

The report focuses on Europe major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The Baby Stroller and Pram industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered.

With 229 tables and figures the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

Personal care industry is the one which manufactures customer products that are mainly used for personal hygiene and beautification. The sub-segments which the personal care sector is composed of are bathing products, hair care, cosmetics, oral care, and skin care. The sector is positively influenced by rapid urbanization, rising disposable income, and celebrity advertisement. There is clear distinction between personal hygienic products, which are daily essentials and cosmetics which can be seen as luxury products and are only used for beautification. In the commercial market, these products are often intermixed while put on sale. Personal care products include a wide range of products such as colognes, cotton pads, cotton swabs, hair clippers, lipstick, lip gloss, and talcum powder, among others. Media promotions and celebrity endorsements have largely helped the penetration of the personal healthcare industry. L’Oréal, Colgate-Palmolive Company, Unilever PLC, Johnson & Johnson, and Estee Lauder are some of the prominent names in the personal care industry.

The report precisely delivers a complete segmentation of the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market to provide valuable information to the customers on the opportunities and restraints present in the market. The primary objective of the study is to provide its readers with relevant and useful information on the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market along with current statistics and growth possibilities of the market in the near future. The report deals with different aspects prevailing the current market as well as projects the same for the forecast period. The research study presents an in-depth outline of the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market which involves information about the prime factors that are likely to impact the growth of the market over the coming years. These factors have been extensively researched upon and have been vital in developing the market. The study makes use of the SWOT analysis as well as the Porte’s Five Forces analysis in order to give out a clear presentation of the market and offer a broader outlook to the top market players.

The Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market is further studied by the report by minutely evaluating the industrial and production chain of the respective segments. It will further help in generating accurate data and stats on multiple aspects of the respective market such as production and distribution infrastructure, capacity of production, sales volume, revenue generated, and pertaining government policies that will shape the market at regional as well as global level. The information given out in the study report has been collected sing both primary and secondary analytical methods. Such information enables the top and upcoming players in the market to understand the positive as well as the negative impacts of multiple factors on the market structure in the near future.

The report provides an all-inclusive observation of key geographical regions mentioned in research study of the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market. Every region gives out the arrays of development so far and provides clear instructions on what market players should do to make more profits in the years to come. The research report also provides a thorough evaluation of the competitive landscape of the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market which provides facts, statistics, and recent developments and inventions of the prominent players in the Europe baby stroller and pram industry 2015 market research report market.

List of Tables and Figures

Figure Picture of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Product Specifications of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Classification of Baby Stroller and Pram
Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Product Types in 2014
Table Applications of Baby Stroller and Pram
Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications in 2014
Figure Industry Chain Structure of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Europe Industry Overview of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Industry Policy of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Industry News List of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Bill of Materials (BOM) of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Bill of Materials (BOM) Price of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Labor Cost of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Depreciation Cost of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram in 2014
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Capacity (K Units) and Commercial Production Date of Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Key Manufacturers in 2014
Table Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Europe Key Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers in 2014
Table R&D Status and Technology Source of Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Key Manufacturers in 2014
Table Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Europe and Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Key Manufacturers in 2014
Table Europe Production of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2014
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2015
Table Europe Production of Baby Stroller and Pram by Product Types in 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Product Types in 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Technology in 2014
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Technology in 2015
Figure Europe Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications in 2014
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications in 2015
Table Price Comparison of Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Key Manufacturers in 2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Europe Capacity, Production, Import Export Sales Price , Cost and Revenue (M USD) of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Table Europe Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Sales Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2014 (K Units)
Figure Europe Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (M USD)
Table Europe Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2014 (%)
Figure Europe Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions in 2015 (%)
Table Sales Price of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Europe Price Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Europe Cost Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Europe Gross Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Capacity of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Capacity Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers 2010-2015 (%)
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Production of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Production Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers 2010-2015 (%)
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Sales Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers 2010-2015 (%)
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Sales Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (M USD)
Table Europe Sales Revenue Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Figure Europe Capacity Utilization Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Figure Europe Sales Revenue (M USD) and Growth Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers in 2014
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers in 2015
Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers in 2014
Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Major Baby Stroller and Pram Manufacturers in 2015
Table Europe Import, Export and Consumption of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Local Sales Export Import of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Supply, Consumption and Shortage of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Import, Export and Consumption of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Price of Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Major Manufacturers 2010-2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Gross Margin of Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Major Manufacturers 2010-2015
Table Europe and Major Manufacturers Revenue of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015 (M USD)
Table Europe Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Baby Stroller and Pram 2010-2015
Table Peg Perego Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Peg Perego
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Peg Perego 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Peg Perego 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Peg Perego 2010-2015
Table Peg Perego Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Chicco Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Chicco
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Chicco 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Chicco 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Chicco 2010-2015
Table Chicco Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Jane Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Jane
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Jane 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Jane 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Jane 2010-2015
Table Jane Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Britax Childcare Holdings Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Britax Childcare Holdings
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Britax Childcare Holdings 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Britax Childcare Holdings 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Britax Childcare Holdings 2010-2015
Table Britax Childcare Holdings Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Dorel Industries Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Dorel Industries
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Dorel Industries 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Dorel Industries 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Dorel Industries 2010-2015
Table Dorel Industries Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Combi Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Combi
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Combi 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Combi 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Combi 2010-2015
Table Combi Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Concord Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Concord
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Concord 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Concord 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Concord 2010-2015
Table Concord Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Baby Joggers Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Baby Joggers
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Baby Joggers 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Baby Joggers 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Baby Joggers 2010-2015
Table Baby Joggers Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Newell Rubbermaid Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Newell Rubbermaid
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Newell Rubbermaid 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Newell Rubbermaid 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Newell Rubbermaid 2010-2015
Table Newell Rubbermaid Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Orbit Baby Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Orbit Baby
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Orbit Baby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Orbit Baby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Orbit Baby 2010-2015
Table Orbit Baby Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table UPPAbaby Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of UPPAbaby
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of UPPAbaby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of UPPAbaby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of UPPAbaby 2010-2015
Table UPPAbaby Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Baby Trends Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Baby Trends
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Baby Trends 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Baby Trends 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Baby Trends 2010-2015
Table Baby Trends Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Brevi Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Brevi
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Brevi 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Brevi 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Brevi 2010-2015
Table Brevi Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Kiwi Baby Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Kiwi Baby
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Kiwi Baby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Kiwi Baby 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Kiwi Baby 2010-2015
Table Kiwi Baby Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Mother Care Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Mother Care
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Mother Care 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Mother Care 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Mother Care 2010-2015
Table Mother Care Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Cosatto Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Cosatto
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Cosatto 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Cosatto 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Cosatto 2010-2015
Table Cosatto Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Evenflo Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Evenflo
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Evenflo 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Evenflo 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Evenflo 2010-2015
Table Evenflo Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Mamas and Papas Company Profile (Contact Information Plant Location Capacity Revenue etc)
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Picture and Specifications of Mamas and Papas
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Gross (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Mamas and Papas 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Mamas and Papas 2010-2015
Figure Baby Stroller and Pram Production (K Units) and Europe Market Share of Mamas and Papas 2010-2015
Table Mamas and Papas Baby Stroller and Pram SWOT Analysis
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Price by Regions 2010-2015
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Price by Product Types 2010-2015
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Price by Company 2010-2015
Table Baby Stroller and Pram Gross Margin by Company 2010-2015
Table Price Comparison of Baby Stroller and Pram by Regions 2010-2015 (USD/Unit)
Table Price of Different Baby Stroller and Pram Product Types (USD/Unit)
Table Market Share of Different Baby Stroller and Pram Price Level
Table Gross Margin of Different Baby Stroller and Pram Applications
Table Marketing Channels Status of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Traders or Distributors of Baby Stroller and Pram with Contact Information
Table Ex-work Price, Channel Price and End Buyer Price of Baby Stroller and Pram (USD/Unit)
Table Europe Import, Export, and Trade of Baby Stroller and Pram (K Units)
Figure Europe Capacity (K Units), Production (K Units) and Growth Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020
Figure Europe Capacity Utilization Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020
Table Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Production by Product Types 2010-2015 (K Units)
Table Europe Baby Stroller and Pram Production Market Share by Product Types 2010-2015 (%)
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Technology in 2020
Figure Europe Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020
Figure Europe Sales Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020
Figure Europe Sales of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications 2015-2020 (K Units)
Table Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications 2015-2020 (%)
Figure Europe Production Market Share of Baby Stroller and Pram by Applications in 2020
Table Europe Production, Import, Export and Consumption of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020 (K Units)
Table Europe Production (K Units), Price (USD/Unit), Cost (USD/Unit), Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Baby Stroller and Pram 2015-2020
Table Major Raw Materials Suppliers of Baby Stroller and Pram with Contact Information
Table Manufacturing Equipment Suppliers of Baby Stroller and Pram with Contact Information
Table Major Players of Baby Stroller and Pram with Contact Information
Table Key Consumers of Baby Stroller and Pram with Contact Information
Table Supply Chain Relationship Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table New Project SWOT Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table New Project Investment Feasibility Analysis of Baby Stroller and Pram
Table Part of Interviewees Record List

Send an Enquiry

  • * :
  • * :
  • * :
  • * :
  • * :
  • :
  • * :
  • * indicates required field.

LATEST NEWS


Back To Top