WHO Urges Lifestyle Changes as it Reviews Causes of Death

Published By : 20 Jan 2015 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

A recent report published by World Health Organization indicates that chances of deaths in India between the ages of 30 to 70 year occur due to four main reasons - cancer, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and heart ailments. These diseases are broadly categorized as non-communicable diseases (NCDs). India accounts for 26% of deaths due to these reasons.

The report points about that 60% of incidences of deaths in India in 2014 out of 9,816,000 deaths were due to non-communicable diseases. Overall, 12% deaths are due to non-communicable diseases, 7% due to cancer, 2% due to diabetes, 12% due to injuries, 13% due to chronic respiratory diseases, 26% due to cardiovascular diseases, and the major reason is 28% due to communicable, prenatal, and maternal nutritional conditions. WHO further reported that number of deaths due to NCDs in South-East Asia amount to 8.5 million and the number is only expected to grow.

A statement published by WHO informed that non-communicable diseases remain a global healthcare challenge. However, about three fourth number of deaths occur in low to middle-income countries. The problem area is the South-East Asia region where two of three deaths are due to non-communicable diseases.

WHO stated that these NCD deaths can easily be prevented with simple lifestyle changes and diet alterations. The suggestions made by WHO are ban on tobacco and alcohol advertising, cutting down on salt consumption, substituting transfats with polyunsaturated fats, encouraging new mothers to breastfeed, timely detection of high blood pressure, and preventing chances of cervical cancer with regular check-ups. 

The report warns that if the government does not take stringent measures, the death toll due to NCD will reach 52 million by 2030 from 38 million in 2012. 
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