Top Three Applications and Counting, Smart Materials to Excel owing to their Response Variation to Stimuli

Published By : 08 Jun 2016 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

Smart materials are referred to as a class of materials that modify some of their properties as a result to a change within the external environment. This change in the properties of smart materials is reversible and hence these materials can be utilized a number of times. The market for smart materials is rising exponentially. This is owing to a number of factors such as the increasing utilization of piezoelectric devices and the boom in the industry of artificial organ and bionics. In addition, the rising count of end use applications is a key opportunity seen in the market for smart materials. The key smart materials utilized are piezo-electric materials, biomimetic materials, thermally responsive materials, and others including smart hydrogels, smart fluids, etc.

Smart materials are highly employed in a number of applications owing to their different response to any external stimuli. The major application areas of smart materials are their usage in mechatronics, civil engineering applications, and aerospace, among others. The key applications have been detailed as under:

  • Defense and Space: Smart materials are made to inhibit the vibrations and modify shape in the blades of helicopters. Shape-memory-alloy devices have also been made and these devices are able to achieve an augmented breakup of submarines’ vortex waves and in the same way a variety of adaptive control surfaces are made for the wings of airplanes. 
  • Structural Engineering: The smart materials also find application within the structural engineering field. These materials are utilized for monitoring the structure of civil engineering in order to analyze their durability. These materials are also made to gauge the structural integrity within aircraft and space structures. Efforts have also been taken for the investigation of some of the piezoelectric materials for the reduction of noise within air conditioners. In addition to civil engineering, smart materials are also utilized for monitoring the integrity of damns, bridges, and offshore oil drilling towers in which fiber-optic sensors within the structures are used for the identification of troublesome areas. 
  • Nuclear Industries: Smart technology also presents new opportunities within the sector of nuclear industrial for the reduction of personal exposure, safety enhancement, performance enhancement, and life-cycle cost cutting. However, the utilization of smart materials within nuclear facilities needs knowledge on the materials responding to irradiations.
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