Scientists Make Use of Proteomics for the Profiling of Switchgrass

Published By : 10 Mar 2015 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

A highly developed proteomic technique is used by researchers and scientists for identifying 1750 rare proteins in Switchgrass roots. Switchgrass is basically a type grass of the native prairies variety and it is considered to be a very promising plant that can eventually help in producing advanced biofuels. It was primarily a pilot research and study for testing whether proteomic tools can be applied to Switchgrass or not. The researchers could finally end up identifying a large set of proteins which basically pointed to the fact that proteomics are quite useful when proteins will be extracted out. Thus, it will enable the scientists to manipulate this prairies variety of grass for greater production of biofuel. 

Every year the amount of surplus carbon that gets released into the atmosphere is approximately 9 bn metric tons. This happens because fossil fuels are being burnt incessantly. Fuels that are derived from different variants of biomass and sugars contained in plants can prove to be green and eco friendly renewable energy substitutes if biofuels production is cost efficient. This however, calls for supply of those types of plants which have sugars that can easily be extracted and can also be fermented via microbial processes. Apart from this, such a development also requires other specialized developments. 

Biomass and botanical cell walls prove to be quite an expensive option when it comes to deconstructing for releasing sugar for downstream applicability which are biofuels; however genetic modifications and changes to the structures of cell walls of plants may lead to substantial downstream economic effects. In view of this, the research team conducted the very 1st proteomic evaluation of the Switchgrass component thereby profiling Switchgrass endomembrane proteome, which is derived from dark shoots grown over a period of ten days. 
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