Published By : 01 Jun 2018 | Published By : QYRESEARCH
Researchers from the Queen Mary University, London have successfully developed a new way of growing mineralized materials capable of regenerating hard tissues such as bone and dental enamel. Enamel is the hardest tissues in human bodies. Covering the outer part of human teeth, it makes our teeth strong enough to face biting forces, extreme temperatures, and acidic drinks and foods, enabling out teeth to function for a larger part of our lives. The extremely organized structure of the tissues is considered the real reason why it displays such remarkable performance.
However, enamel, unlike other body tissues, cannot regenerate after it is lost, leading to tooth loss and pain. Problems arising due to the erosion of enamel affect over 50% of the world’s population so a way of recreating the tissue has long been one of the dentistry industry’s biggest goals. The study shows that a new approach can allow the creation of materials with precision and order so remarkable that it behaves and looks like dental enamel. The researchers suggest that the material can be used for a variety of dental issues such as the treatment as well prevention of tooth sensitivity and tooth decay, which is also often referred to as dentin hypersensitivity.
The research is exciting as the versatility and simplicity of this method of mineralization can open up vast opportunities in the field of treatment and regeneration of dental tissues. For instance, acid resistance bandages that can shield, mineralize, and infiltrate exposed dentinal canals of human teeth for effectively treating hypersensitivity. This mechanism for the development of the mineralized materials is based on a specific protein that can guide and trigger the development of apatite nanocrystals at different stages of growth-similar to the way the crystals develop when dental enamel develops in the human body.