Published By : 30 Mar 2016 | Published By : QYRESEARCH
In present times, water conservation is an essentiality for the commodity to last for future generations. That water is an essential commodity for survival is well accepted by all. With the evolution of Homo sapiens, it is the presence of water on as much as 70% of the Earth’s surface, which enabled the massive industrialization and urbanization that we see today. Contrarily, these activities have been the root cause of environmental deterioration that we see today and needs a solution to protect the environment in the long-run.
Water recycling is one of the significant pursuits for preserving the environment and the term is synonymously used with water reuse and water reclamation. Water recycling mainly involves treating wastewater for non-potable uses, but with advancing technology recycled water is indirectly finding a way for potable purposes as well.
The main applications of recycled water for non-potable purposes are industrial processes, agricultural irrigation, and toilet flushing. For instance, in oil refineries and power plants recycled water is used for their cooling needs. In industrial processes, large volume of water is released, which is recycled and used for construction activities, paper mills, concrete mixing, artificial lakes, etc. Alternately, water used in industry units for cooling purposes is derived from municipal wastewater and recycled before used in industrial units.
For potable applications of recycled water, the projects involve replenishing ground water with aquifers and boosting reservoirs of surface water with recycled water. These projects also help with recharge of ground water, injection of recycled water into ground water aquifers and also boost ground water supplies. For instance, in the U.S., a project carried out for recycled water involves direct injection for recycled water to be infused into aquifer to prevent salt water to mix into ground water. This helps in increasing ground water level as well.