Is It Safe to Use Calcium Chloride as a De-Icing Agent this winter?

Published By : 18 Jan 2016 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

The unique property of calcium chloride to lower the freezing point of water makes it an ideal de-icing agent. Increasing demand for calcium chloride across various industries including oil and gas, building and construction, and food and medicine has propelled the growth of the global calcium chloride market. De-icing is one of the major applications of calcium chloride and the application segment dominates the overall market in terms of revenue and volume. In the coming years, the demand for calcium chloride as a preservative in food and beverages is expected to augment the growth of the market.

North America leads the global calcium chloride market and accounted for over 40% share in the market in 2014. Consumption of calcium chloride as a de-icing and dust control agent has mainly contributed to the growth of this regional market. In countries such as the U.S., Norway, Russia, Finland, and Sweden, calcium chloride is majorly used as a de-icing agent owing to the cold climatic conditions in the regions. However, potential side effects of the compound on human health have raised questions about its wide usage as a de-icing agent. 

Though calcium chloride is mostly used as a de-icing agent, it is not always advisable to use it under extreme cold weather. Using calcium chloride or salt to melt snow might be detrimental as the chemicals can shorten the life of gutters, flashings, and down sprouts. Adverse side effects of calcium chloride on human body include burns, respiratory tract irritation, skin irritation, and irritation of the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract. Calcium chloride also causes disorientation in birds as well as defoliating effect on trees. For pets such as dogs, calcium chloride can lead to kidney damage.

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