Further Insights on Autism With the Help of Skin Cell-based Miniature Brains

Published By : 20 Jul 2015 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

Recently a group of scientists created tiny brains from the conversion of skin cells derived from patients suffering from autism. The very first step that the scientists took was that they converted these skin samples into stem cells before finally developing these into the miniature brains. They also concluded that this technique enabled them to understand diseases and medical conditions such as schizophrenia and autism, which have an adverse impact on the brain and its further development. 

It enabled the scientists and researchers to understand the degree of complexities associated with the aforementioned conditions. A senior author working in the area of neurobiology and child psychiatry stated that that the research group, instead of dealing with the genetic aspect began working from the biological aspect in order to get an idea about the particular genome at play. 

Earlier, researchers and scientists working the field of autism had to necessarily involve the genomes of patients for carrying out gene mutations that would eventually explain the problem. After that, the histological models would have to be taken in order to study the particular genes and find out its impact on the development of the brain. The researchers have also clearly stated that despite the fact that several genes of rare diseases have been found out and identified using this technique, yet it is unknown how more than 80 percent of the cases of autism are caused. 

The genetic cause of this neurological condition still needs to be found out and researched. As regards the study in question, it mainly took into account people suffering from autism having enlarged brains. This represented close to 1/5th of most cases. This in a way resulted in zoning out the wide ranging and complicated clinical features that leads to the failure in understanding the basic underlying factors. 
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