Chinas Mountain-Leveling Project Poses Risks
Published By : 06 Jun 2014 | Published By : QYRESEARCH
To accommodate the growing economy of China, many mountains are being flattened for land to build on.
China is the world’s most populated country and the fastest-growing major economy. As China’s cities expand at a rapid pace, projects which involve flattening of mountains to create livable space for people are in progress.
However, these projects are on a very large scale that poses a threat not only to the environment, but also to population that will be living on such a location.
Flattening of mountain leads to altering of the course of rivers and streams. It also pollutes water and causes flooding and landslides. Some mountain-leveling projects have increased air particle matter up to 50%.
When mountains are moved to create flat terrains the soil and rock is used to fill up the valleys. These flat terrain are soft soils which can’t hold when they are wet, which can lead to structural collapse. This threatens the lives of people living on such areas.
It takes many years for these flat terrains to become stable. Hence, building on such soft soils is dangerous.
A lot of research from experts around the world is required before any mountain-leveling projects are undertaken to understand the safety and sustainability of it.
Around one-fifth of China’s population resides in mountainous areas. Around cities like Shiyan, Yichang, Chongqing, Lanzhou, and Yan\'an many mountains have been flattened to create land to build on.
Yan\'an is the largest project to be attempted on an area which is made of thick windblown slit.
When mountain-flattening projects are undertaken on a large scale, they exceed the state of natural process.