Caloric Requirements Essential for Living, Parenteral Nutrition Serve Patients of Special Needs

Published By : 21 Jan 2016 | Published By : QYRESEARCH

Baxter International Inc., the leading name in healthcare has made an announcement to be present at the Leerink Partners 5th Annual Global Healthcare Conference to be held on February 10, 2016. Baxter’s portfolio includes a range of renal and hospital products, sterile IV solutions, parenteral nutrition, pharmacy automation, software and services, infusion systems and devices, and biosurgery products and anesthetics. Due to the global footprint of the company and the critical nature of its product offerings and services, it has been instrumental in expanding healthcare access to emerging and developed nations. 

Food is one of the most essential commodities for survival. However, in certain situations, food cannot be ingested through the mouth, which bypasses the usual eating and digestion process. Nevertheless, nutrition has to be provided to the body through some other means, one of which is parenteral nutrition. 

Parenteral nutrition or intravenous feeding involves administering nutrition into the body through the veins. Individuals of all ages receive parenteral nutrition, which can be the only way to receive nutrition as long as it is needed. Parenteral nutrition, many times, is used for a short period; which is removed to start with normal eating again. 

In the instance of administering of parenteral nutrition, the normal digestion process in the stomach and bowel are bypassed. The process involves supplying a special liquid mixture into the bloodstream through an intravenous catheter. The liquid supplied is a mixture of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. 

The process of parenteral nutrition involves placing a special intravenous catheter in a large vein either in the chest or the arm. The apparatus can stay in place as long as it is needed; however, care is needed to avoid infection and clotting that can happen because of the same. The catheters used are of several types, which have common names such as Hickman, PICC, double lumen, Broviac, triple lumen, single lumen catheters, and ports. 

Gastrointestinal tract disorders such as short bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, bowel construction, and Crohn’s disease are the conditions where parenteral nutrition is mostly needed. Certain type of cancers and comatose patients also depend on parenteral nutrition for caloric requirements.

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