Algae from Water Bodies can be Used as Fertilizers and Biofuels
Published By : 26 Mar 2015 |Published By : QYRESEARCH
Algae growth that is water-borne from runoffs of farm fertilizer has the capacity to completely destroy water and aquatic life and can also lead to the clogging of lakes and rivers and other water bodies. However, scientists and researchers today are focusing greatly on developing techniques for cleaning up such environmental scourges and wastes and in turn use the same for producing useful products.
In fact, the algae can in a way be used as feedstocks meant for biofuels. Also, the leftover feedstock can be recycled into soil nutrients for soil. The primary goal of these scientists is to develop a system of bioremediation of a nutrient that is basically multipronged. The size of algae can range from being single celled ones to those that are large seaweeds. Algae need three main things to grow, which are a nutrient source, sunlight, and water. But when algae grows also in the presence of nutrients that are man-made such as phosphorus and nitrogen, which are mostly received from runoffs from farms, the algae end up growing tremendously and there is no control over their growth. This leads to the formation of algal blooms which are basically clumps of algae.
These algal blooms are very toxic for aquatic life and fish. These blooms extract oxygen that is present in water and this creates dead zones. Dead zones are areas which cannot support any form of life. But there are a team of scientists and researchers who have developed a way for tackling the problem of algal blooms, and these can prove to be highly beneficial for small and medium scale farmers.