Published By : 15 Mar 2016 | Published By : QYRESEARCH
A waste treatment method that uses waste sources to produce heat in the form of electricity, heat, or any other kind of fuel is a waste to energy technology. Waste to energy technologies transform a product, otherwise rendered useless, into an economical source of power. They also make the entire process of waste disposal both easy and manageable by minimizing the amount of waste going into landfills.
Conversion of Waste into Energy Attracting Global Attention
Waste to energy technologies can be used for a number of waste products to make the most of the energy that they possess. Waste can be in the solid, semi-solid, gaseous, or liquid state – waste to energy technologies can be applied to all of these. However, what is attracting the most attention from all parts of the globe is the transformation of municipal solid waste into energy. Thanks to thorough research and development activities in the area of the conversion of municipal solid waste into a power source, this sector is projected to gain a significant share in the overall energy mix in the coming years.
What is Municipal Solid Waste?
Municipal solid waste comprises a wide variety of waste elements rejected and disposed from industries, hospitals, streets, households, parks, and government and private buildings, and may contain components such as toxic substances (paints, pesticides, medicines, used batteries, and others), recyclables (paper, plastics, glass, metals, and others), compostable organic matter (peels of fruits and vegetables, food waste, and others), soiled medical waste (disposable syringes, bloodstained cotton, and others), and much more.
Rapid Industrialization Generating Large Amounts of Municipal Solid Waste
Factors such as public habits, economic development, the local climate, and the degree of industrialization significantly impact the rate of municipal solid waste generation. An increased amount of municipal solid waste follows the high degree of economic development and industrialization. The rising global population, the rapid economic growth of developing countries, and the increased pace of urbanization also influence the generation of municipal solid waste.